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Guilah Naslavsky on Brasil, Nordeste, Mulheres Arquitetas
19 July, 2021
This publication was organized by the architects Guilah Naslavsky and Andréa Gáti, it is a collection of articles that resulted from research on architecture and gender in Northeastern Brazil. The objective is to give visibility to the trajectories of some female architects who worked in the region and were forgotten by the Brazilian hegemonic architectural historiography since this historiography narrates achievements located mainly in the states of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo and in the city of Brasília, in the Federal District, the national capital. These female architects were doubly absent from historiography, either because of the location of their works in the Northeast of Brazil, a region of national otherness, and, secondly, because of gender issues. This collection brings to light the trajectory of pioneering architects who worked in the Northeast of Brazil, in public institutions of various fields such as research in construction methods, urbanism, and landscape and ended up carrying out innovative and pioneering knowledge about traditional and vernacular architecture, native flora, popular culture and handicrafts from the Brazilian Northeast. They discover new paths and developed new professional areas. In this publication, Andréa Gáti’s article addresses gender relations between couples of architects trained in the 60s who worked in co-authorship with their husbands in architectural firms. As wives and companions of their husbands, they occupied secondary positions facing the division of labor, being able to reconcile professional practice with the roles of housewife and motherhood, a strategy to overcome the cultural and social adversities of the environment. Architect and teacher Sonia Marques described her professional trajectory pointing out that professional gender issues must be confronted with social, racial, economic, and cultural issues. Some articles narrate pioneering female architects’ trajectories who graduated from the Schools of Fine Arts of Bahia and Pernambuco, as well as the strategies of the new generations in grouping together in exclusively female offices, in the 1970s and 1980s aiming to deal with the adversities of the mainly male market. The history of architects in Northeast Brazil still deserves to be written.